History

Approaches of Sunnis, Shiis and Sufis to Din Wa Dawla

Islam recognizes the concept of Islam and the state in a likely manner of the modern concept. In Islam din means the religion and daula means the state. The modern concept of state though does not originate the modern concept; it is deeply rooted in the concept of state of...

The History of San El-Haggar and Tanis

In the first century BC, the Greek traveler Strabo used the term Tanis from the geographer Artemidorus who lived in 100 BC and spoke Tanis as a great city – polis male. This is the first mention of the city. By 100 AD, the area of the city and its...

The Rules of Hospitality in Homer’s Poem, The Odyssey

Hospitality promotes good relations between people through love and kindness. It is a virtue that drives one to meet another person’s needs without necessarily having blood relations between them. It also seeks to strengthen social bonds among friends as well as strangers through human understanding. Hospitality enables people to welcome...

Transformation of Europe After the Second World War

World war two created a bipolar international system that quickly replaced the numerous superpowers that existed prior to that war. The two major victors of this war were the United States and the Soviet Union. These two countries continued to enjoy their status as superpowers until 1989 when the Soviet...

Kennedy’s Goals to Accomplish with the New Frontier

“New Frontier” was a slogan used by John F. Kennedy urge to Americans to support him during the presidential election in the United States in 1960. Previously, he used this slogan to lure people to vote for him and later during his acceptance speech as a democratic nominee to Democratic...

The Leadership of Alexander the Great: Plutarch’s Vision

Plutarch emphasizes Alexander’s natural gift for leadership. Indeed, he ascended the throne as early as at the age of twenty-one. Moreover, the political situation in Macedon was highly unstable at that time. However, Alexander did not listen to older advisers and made his own decisions as to Macedon’s external policy....

Merits and Demerits of Machine Age

The machine age which has been coupled with the use of computers has aptly brought mixed fortunes. We all acknowledge that it is out of human intelligence that computers came into being. One major positive implication of the growing technology is that information can be stored, processed, retrieved and transmitted...

Printing Press in Europe in the 17th Century

The invention of the Gutenberg Printing Press was one of the most important reasons behind the adoption of the Protestant Reformation. Printing press increased literacy and made information available to ordinary people that previously would only be seen by scholars and aristocrats. It helped to spread the ideas of Luther...

Classical Greek Art & Architecture and Intellectual Values

Classical Greece refers to the time in the history of the Greeks when they were advanced in terms of culture and other aspects of their social, political, and economic affairs. During the classical period, Greece had many scientists, philosophers, and artists who influenced the life of the Greeks in terms...

Events During the 1960s Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights movement has many events and persons deserving close attention and thorough examination. Unquestionably, the first events include the brutal murder of 14-year-old Emmett Till in Mississippi and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which became the starting point of the movement. In this regard, it is relevant to demonstrate...

Terms Significant to Arkansas Politics and Policy

Federalism is a system of government presupposing that the territory is controlled by the national government and the smaller political subdivisions. For Arkansas, it means that the state can resolve its issues; however, the federal government’s recommendations are also vital and should be followed to avoid conflicts and possible complications....

An Average Woman’s Life in Sparta, Athens, Rome

To begin with, an average woman that was born in Sparta in 500 BCE had fewer restrictions because of her gender than in the rest of Greece. In other words, women “were trained in war, they could speak publicly, and they could own land.” However, the more considerable amount of...

Native People of North America Resisting Colonization

Generally speaking, the native people were not able to resist the Spanish colonization of North America. They have certainly tried. The native source states that the Aztecs waged war against Cortés with all their force to avenge the massacre in the Main Temple. They could achieve temporary successes, such as...

Native People of North America Adapting to Spanish Culture

The native groups were generally able to adapt to the Spanish culture, not in the least because of the intermarriage between the two groups. With most of the Spanish colonizers being young men seeking glory and wealth, the shortage of Spanish women did not really leave any other option. Notably...

African Americans’ Experience During the Mid-1800s

The life of enslaved and freed Black Americans was characterized by their exclusion of them from the benefits of American democratic institutions. Firstly, there were nearly 4 million African Americans that were slaves by 1860. For the most part, the southern United States was the place with the majority of...

Motivation of the War Against Mexico in the 1840s

The Mexican-American war took place in 1846-1848 and resulted in the annexation of Texas by the American federal government. Tanaki notes that many Irish, who were cruelly conquered by the British population earlier, participated in this attack in the British American army. Americans started their expansion during the 1820s when...

How American Indians and Mexicans Endured Conquest

In the American continent, one of the most critical conquests was the fight of white Americans against Mexicans and American Indians. While Mexicans endured the conquest of their Southwest territories, Indians were forced to cede their lands to the federal government. These annexations were made because of resources that were...

An Article on the Role of Slaves in the Civil War

This article is about the black slave revolt in Southern America. The black people rebelled against their enslavers and went to the plantations, joined by other slaves. The slaves sought to become part of the Union Army, but the uprisings were suppressed by shooting and hanging. By order of the...

Summary of the Speech of the Archbishop of York

The Clergy are referred to by the Archbishop of York. He begins by warning that the Pretender’s son has recruited and trained an army in Scotland, has vanquished some of the King’s men and is moving towards England. He firmly encourages them to prepare the most excellent possible defenses against...

History: The Jacobite Rebellion of 1745

The Forty-five Rebellion, also known as the Jacobite Rising of 1745, was an endeavor by Charles Edward Stuart to destroy the Hanoverian dynasty and reinstall the Stuarts as the royal house of Great Britain. James VII, Charles Edward Stuart’s father, was the last Roman Catholic monarch to rule England, Scotland,...

The Life of Wilma Mankiller by Brandon Stanley

Wilma Mankiller was born in 1945 in the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. Her family moved to San Francisco as a part of the government program to urbanize Native Americans. Wilma went to college in San Francisco and got married to an Ecuadorian man, but they divorced due to his philosophies...

History: In Verrem Series of Speeches by Cicero

Cicero’s series of speeches called In Verrem allow us to understand the orator’s thoughts regarding how the Romans should have ruled their empire, and these texts have evidence that they cared about the welfare of their peoples. First, Cicero perceived himself as the patron of Sicilian citizens, so as soon...

New Deal Liberalism: Equality and Justice

The New Deal Liberalism affected all groups, including Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans. They had been inspired by Kennedy’s rhetoric and Johnson’s actions, which fostered equality and justice for every American ethnicity and skin color. There was significant upward mobility in the social welfare of minority groups thanks...

How Latinx and Native Americans Mobilized in the 1960s

Latinx and Native Americans mobilized in the 1960s by organizing Civil Rights movements determined to end the oppressive capitalist regime, each for their own ethnic group. Meanwhile, the black protests became black riots. The uprising in the South was determined to end discrimination and segregation on racial grounds. They hoped...

New Deal Liberalism: Health and Welfare of People

The New Deal Liberalism succeeded in the sectors of health and welfare of people by protecting the civil rights and rights of minorities. For example, Lyndon Johnson, who had succeeded President Kennedy, triumphed in bringing forth the Great Society. President Johnson flooded Congress with bills that improved the situation of...

The US-Supported Coup in Bolivia: Interrupted Presidency

The term “interrupted presidency” describes the situation of removal of a president earlier than the full term expires. It is often not a nonviolent transfer of power. So, I think that the 2019 coup in Bolivia is an example of an “interrupted presidency” because Morales still had some months left...

Problems of Americans Fighting in American Revolution

The American Revolution took place from 1755 to 1783, in what earned British North America, consisting of thirteen colonies, independence, thus leading to the formation of the United States of America. The Americans who fought during the American Revolution were in the Continental Army. The Continental Army faced many challenges...

The Causes of the French and Indian War

The French – Indian war took place for over seven years, pitting Britain against France to control most of North America. Preceding the war, France had started advancing into the Ohio River valley in the early 1950s, a move that created tension in the British camp. The Britons felt like...

The Roman Empire’s Fall and Its Causes

Economic Dilemmas and Overdependence on Slave Labor Even when Rome was underneath attacks from the exterior force, it also struggled with serious financial challenges. Overspending and constant wars significantly widened the gap between the poor and the rich. Intending to evade tax inspectors, several well-off individuals flew to the countryside....

The World War II Was the Worst of Human Nature

World War II showed the worst of human nature, as portrayed by Locke & Wright in their book “The American Yawp”. From the first-time humans settled in the United States to the recent past, it can be noted that no single event led to more loss of life and destruction...

England’s Reasons for Establishing Colonies in North America

The newly discovered continent of North America was considered to be full of resources that could make England a wealthy and powerful country. The English envied Spain monarchs who gained a lot of gold, having invested in conquistador expeditions. Building the colonies on the new continent could strengthen the positions...

Bessie Smith’s Death Circumstances

Bessie Smith was born on the fifteenth of April 1894 in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Just like many typical Black Americans, she was born in poverty in a family of seven. Bessie didn’t know her father since he had died while she was too young to remember him. Later, her mother and...

Freedom During Reconstruction for the Freed Slaves

Following the outcome of the Civil War, the Black population formally became free. It means that they were no longer treated as property and gained civil rights, making them eligible for education and paid work. However, the former slaves were still unable to vote, sue, or own land, and the...

The Cold War: History and Causes

After the Second World War (1939-45), political and economic conflicts ensued between the United States and the Soviet Union, leading to what would later become to be known as the Cold War. The Cold War was ideological warfare between communism and capitalism. The Soviets used their communist ideas to try...

The Dictators: Hitler’s Germany

Hitler believed in ‘racial hygiene’. This is to mean that certain groups of people were allowed to procreate while others weren’t. Racial mixing was believed to create chaos. T4 program was developed as a way of promoting racial hygiene. He killed two-thirds of the Jewish population in Europe. Others were...

The Trial and Charges Against Socrates

The case against Socrates, the great Greek philosopher, was instituted for several reasons. The charge contained three points – the godlessness of the thinker, the introduction of some new deities (the famous demon of Socrates, his inner voice), and the corruption of specific ideas among the youth. On all these...

The History of Haymarket and Its Impact on US

The Haymarket Incident took place on May 4, 1886, and was, actually, working people’s response to police brutality displayed a fay before during a strike of workers at the McCormick Reaper Works. During that event, several workers were killed by the police, and August Spies, an anarchist leader, urged people...

Ancient Mesopotamia: The Environmental Conditions Effects

Many scholars believe that in Mesopotamia, environmental conditions have had a significant effect on the development of a complex society. The environmental determinants include the production of food, settlement patterns, and social organization. The time under consideration is the late 5th and early 4th century BC. One of the pioneering...

The Nicaragua Campaign: Overview

In Nicaragua, the ruling Marxist Sandinista government had come to power after overthrowing the Somoza dynasty in 1979. On gaining power, the Sandinistas persecuted former Somoza loyalists who became disgruntled and went underground. Other than Somoza’s disaffected former loyalists, other indigenous guerrilla groups such as the Pastora faction also had...

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidency in 1876

The election between Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel Tilden from the Democratic Party in 1876 ranks among the most controversial campaigns in the history of the United States. Traditionally, both Tilden and Hayes avoided a public campaign, leaving this task to their supporters. Republicans focused on identifying their party...

Responsible Reformers or Irresponsible Agitators

Introduction The studied material offers a detailed analysis of the events that took place in the early 19th century. From the presented discussions and images, the reader can identify the goals, achievements, and challenges of the abolitionists. Modern historians describe them as responsible reformers since they relied on logical explanations...

The Economic Dynamics of the 1930s in US

The Transformations of the 1930s From the stock market crash to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, through the Great Depression and years of ongoing positive changes, the 1930s in the U.S. transformed the country quickly. This decade is one of the most dynamic time periods of the twentieth century. President...

The Civil Rights Movement History

The Civil Rights Movement took place in the 1950s and was about the black community profusely fighting for their rights against segregation. Though they were finally free from slavery by the time the second world war began, The black African community did not fully enjoy equal rights with the white...

Could the Confederacy Have Won?

When it comes to the topic of the Civil War, one of the most common and controversial questions for discussion is whether the Confederacy had the opportunity to win. At first sight, it seems that the South had a variety of advantages. It was superior to the North in terms...

Use of Different Ideologies in Converting People

Christopher Columbus, William Rub, and Pope Urban II were driven by different philosophies in their quest to convert the non-Christians into Christianity. Some of them used dialogue such as William Rub ruck while others as Christopher Columbus used violence and enslavement. The holy land the Pope was referring to is...

Abolitionists and Mexican-American War

The Mexican-American War in the United States of America was a logical continuation of the conflict between Mexico and Texas. Although this conflict as a whole caused much division in American society, the abolitionists had different reasons for opposing the war. The reason for this is the slave states of...